In recent years, dental implants have become a popular way to replace missing teeth in the mouth without having to wear dentures. Dental implants are preferred because they are permanent once installed and look and feel more like natural teeth. The type of dental implants used depends mainly on the condition of the gums and jawbones of the patient. These are the different types of dental implants that are commonly used today.
Endosteal implants are the most commonly used type of dental implants. These implants are attached to the jawbone and normally require a two-step procedure to complete. First, the implants are to the jawbone with screws, blades or cylinders. After this step is done, the gum tissue is stitched up and allowed to heal for a few months.
Once the gums have healed, a second surgery is performed to reopen the gum tissue in only the areas where the implants have been placed. Then, an abutment is attached to the implants that the artificial teeth are attached to that holds them securely in place. The gums are stitched closed again and allowed to heal.
Subperiosteal dental implants are different in that they are attached to the top of the jawbone within the gum tissue. These implants are usually made of longer plate-like pieces of metal that have posts that remain above the gums after the tissue is stitched. Once the implants are attached to the top of the jawbone, the gum tissues are stitched up and allowed to heal for several months.
Since the implants are left exposed above the skin, there is no need for a second surgery to attach the abutments and the artificial teeth. When the gums have healed, the abutments can be attached to the implant and the artificial teeth are then attached to the abutments securely. This procedure is best for those who do not have enough jawbone height needed for endosteal implants.
Transosteal implants are not performed as often as other types of dental implants. These implants are attached up through the bottom of the jawbone and go completely through the bone so that a post comes up through the gums to attach to the abutments and artificial teeth. After the abutments and teeth are attached, the gums are stitched and allowed to heal.
An incision may be made under the chin to install a metal plate and attachment screws to the jawbone. This type of dental implant is used primarily for replacement of the lower teeth and is usually for those who only need a few of the lower teeth replaced.
There are many advantages that getting dental implants (such as those offered by http://hcdentistryak.com/) has to offer. Even though the teeth are artificial, they are strong and durable and can be brushed and flossed just like natural teeth. Eating and chewing are also easier and more natural than with dentures or partial plates.Share
19 March 2016